Neutering


Neutering involves a surgical operation that prevents male and female animals from reproducing by removing their sexual organs - for males, the testicles are removed and this is called 'castration'. In females the ovaries and the uterus (womb) are removed and the operation is called 'spaying'.

Both are routine procedures carried out under general anaesthetic. We have modern anaesthetic equipment and your animal is constantly monitored while under anaesthetic.

Advantages of neutering

Dogs

Behaviour
May encourage calmer, more predictable behaviour making the dog a more suitable family pet.
May help reduce aggressive and unwanted sexual behaviour, preventing fighting, mounting and destructives. Dogs that are neutered are also less likely to mark territory or stray.
Prevents the condition called false (or phantom) pregnancy which can occur in the weeks following a season. Hormonal changes cause a bitch to "nest", mother soft toys, produce milk, go off their food and sometimes be depressed/aggressive. It may require medical intervention and often recurs at each season.
Reduces the likelihood of altered behaviour in bitches coming into season (for about three weeks, twice a year).
Prevents male dogs desperately attempting to escape and seek out a local bitch in season.

Health
Removes the significant health risks associated with pregnancy as well as the possibility of potentially fatal womb infections (pyometra).
Avoids the mess and inconvenience of seasons.Reduces or removes the risks of some cancers in both male and female dogs (including testicular, anal and mammary cancers) and prostate enlargement.


Financial
Prevents the unnecessary costs of unplanned matings/pregnancies and raising puppies.
Reduces likelihood of large vets' bills associated with certain illness and accidents caused by unruly behaviour.
* Neutering doesn't always reduce aggression - ask for advice from your vet about problems \with your dog's behaviour.
*Neutering may increase the tendency of male and female dogs to gain weight. Particular attention should be paid to feeding and exercise.

Cats

Behaviour
Male cats are less likely to roam, reducing the risk of them being run over
Male cats are less likely to fight, reducing the risk of them getting injured and picking up the feline aids virus.
Male cats are less likely to display territorial behaviour such as spraying
Female cats are not going to call or wail, as un-neutered queens do when in season.


Health
They will be less likely to contract serious diseases such as feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) or feline leukaemia virus (FeLV) through fighting and bites
Reduces or removes the risks of some cancers in both male and female dogs (including testicular and mammary cancers).

 

Financial
Prevents the unnecessary costs of unplanned pregnancies and raising kittens
Reduces likelihood of large vets' bills associated with certain illness and accidents caused by unruly behaviour.
Rabbits
Neutering has many benefits for rabbits. In female rabbits it prevents cancer of the womb and it allows rabbits of both sexes to live together without the risk of unwanted litters (kits). (The best pairing for rabbits is usually a neutered male living with a neutered female). Neutering can also reduce aggression.

Ferrets
At Deveron Vets we routinely carry out surgical castration and vasectomy on male ferrets. Castration reduces dominance characteristics and the musky odour associated with sexually active male ferrets. Vasectomy is a useful management tool to allow males to mate (infertiley) jills to prevent health problems associated with continuous oestrus. Male ferrets are vasectomised rather than castrated. We have hormonal implants available which can be used as an alternative to surgical neutering. For more information
http://www.virbac.com/p-vbcompuben/display.aspx?srv=p-vbcom&typ=pub&lang=en&cmd=view%7Clist&style=styles/webnew.xsl&select=WEBNEW%5B@ID$eq$WEBNEW_19%5D%7CWEBNEW%5Bfk_enum_THEME$eq$3%5D&order-by=-@ONDATE%7C-@ONDATE
Female ferrets are neutered only on recommendation from a vet.

When?

Dogs - It is routine to allow a bitch to have her first season before neutering but where this poses management problems we can spay before a first season. The most suitable time to spay a bitch is 12 weeks following the end of her season. Clients can have a free pre-neutering appointment with a nurse to check the suitability for spaying. This is usually carried out 2 days prior to the operation and this is mainly to check that the bitch is not lactating or in season,
In male dogs, neutering is advised from 9 months of age, depending on maturity, although castration can be performed earlier if required. Again authorisation of a veterinary surgeon would be required. 

Cats - In female cats, spaying can be done from 6 months onwards (CPL advise from 4 months).  The operation is usually done via a flank incision but may be done mid-line if the owner requests.  In male cats, castration is usually carried out from 6 months onwards, dependant on maturity (CPL advise from 4 months)

Rabbits - Females are carried out from 6 months of age, depending on situation and maturity.  Male rabbits are neutered from 3-4 months of age, dependant on maturity and situation.